2 edition of Historical origins of the East Indies marine biodiversity centre found in the catalog.
Historical origins of the East Indies marine biodiversity centre
Written in English
A phylogenetic biogeographical study of the East Indies Triangle, the area of the highest marine biodiversity in the world, is performed using the Phylogenetic Analysis for Comparing Trees method, or PACT, with a database of phylogenies from 13 fishes, corals, and molluscs. Predictions are made of common biogeographical patterns to be expected for each of four competing hypotheses that attempt to explain the biodiversity. Very few patterns of congruence are observed amongst taxa, and data are insufficient to choose among the four hypotheses. PACT is more stable than Primary Brooks Parsimony Analysis (1° BPA) when the limits of the areas of endemism used are changed. 1° BPA is shown to give misleading results when used on data sets containing widespread taxa. Briggs"s evidence for a centre of origin hypothesis as an explanation of East Indies Triangle diversity is shown to be lacking.
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Filled in a good gap in our seafaring history, as most maritime history books do tend to centre on naval history. This view very much centred on the mercantile marine is well worth a read. I haven't read the volumes covering more recent history as yet One criticism I would make is Reviews: The origin of the centre may be understood better when its exact boundaries are known. These boundaries are not clearly defined. Brigg's (a: Fig. 1) East Indies Triangle of marine diversity is probably based on the borders of countries involved and the position of islands in the Indo-Malayan region. Veron's ( Fig. 50). Introduction. Spectacular biodiversity exists in tropical marine ecosystems. One mega-diverse tropical region, where the ranges of many tropical marine species overlap, is the centre of maximum marine biodiversity of the Indo-Malay Archipelago (IMA).Various hypotheses giving rise to this extraordinary species richness have been proposed, though two in particular have been widely addressed. The Royal Netherlands Navy (Dutch: Koninklijke Marine) is the naval force of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its origins date back to the Eighty Years' War (–), the war of independence from the House of Habsburg who ruled over the Habsburg Netherlands.. During the 17th century, the navy of the Dutch Republic (–) was the most powerful naval force in the world and played an.
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The East Indies Triangle of biodiversity (EITB) refers to the region between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, including Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor Leste, part of Malaysia, and some adjacent land and sea.
Aim We analysed data on Indo‐Pacific coral reef taxa to test four mechanisms proposed for the origins of the biodiversity centre in the East Indies Triangle: (1) the centre of origin hypothesis, (2) Cited by: the World Ocean, and is partially included in the East Indies Triangle (Coral Triangle), a centre of maximum marine biodiversity.
However, the biodiversity of the sea has been insuﬃcientlystudied,and,there-fore, every step to a better understanding is very important. In this book, we have tried to cover a wide Historical origins of the East Indies marine biodiversity centre book of marine organisms.
The ranges of many tropical marine species overlap in a centre of maximum marine biodiversity, which is located in the Indo-Malayan region. Because this centre includes Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea, it has been named the East Indies Triangle.
Due to its dependence on the presence of coral reefs, it has recently been referred to as the Coral by: Biogeographically, the SCS belongs to the so-called “East Indies Triangle” where modern marine and terrestrial biodiversity reaches a global maximum (Briggs ).
Among the major marginal sea basins from the west Paci?c, the SCS presents some of the best conditions for accumulating complete paleoclimatic records in its hemipelagic s: 1.
may be responsible for the high biodiversity in the region. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the species richness in the IMP hotspot and these can be grouped into four major categories: (1) centre of origin, (2) centre of accumulation, (3) centre of survival, and (4) centre of over-lap.
Recent phylogeographic studies overturn several assumptions about speciation in the sea, indicating a prominent role for divergence along ecological partitions rather than geographic isolation.
Oceanic archipelagos and other depauperate regions are not evolutionary graveyards, but can generate and export biodiversity. Marine biodiversity hotspots both export and import fauna from peripheral.
The distribution of reef fishes is consistent with this model and it is apparent that much of the biodiversity in peripheral archipelagos has arrived from the central evidence indicates that two reef-associated sharks (Sphyrna lewini and Triaenodon obesus) radiated from the central Indo-Pacific to attain broad or global distributi Marine biodiversity change.
The patterns of marine biodiversity change at the family level during the Phanerozoic emerging from the current databases consistently show a rise from a handful of taxa at the beginning of the Cambrian to some families at the present day (e.g.
Figure 1A). This rise included steep increases in the Early to mid. In addition to the report, Sir Thomson also wrote a book about the voyage in titled “The Voyage of the Challenger.” He also wrote one of the early marine biology textbooks “The Depths of the Sea” in The Institutions.
These expeditions were soon followed by marine laboratories established to study marine life. On the historical side, this epoch was marked by major geomorphological changes that reshaped marine biogeography with the formation of the Indo-Australian-Archipelago (IAA) marine biodiversity.
Marine Biodiversity is a peer-reviewed international journal devoted to all aspects of biodiversity research on marine ecosystems. The journal is a relaunch of the well-known Senckenbergiana maritima" and covers research at gene, species and ecosystem level that focuses on describing the actors (genes and species), the patterns (gradients and.
The book represents the culmination of the prolific careers of two dedicated marine biologists, Dr. Gerald R. Allen and Dr. Mark V. Erdmann, who have spent a combined total in excess of 60 years exploring and describing the piscene treasures in the “heart” of marine fish biodiversity.
Reef Fishes of the East Indies is an essential reference for biologists, naturalists, and scuba divers. This is the only reference. A phylogenetic test of multiple proposals for the origins of the East Indies coral reef biota Delineation of the Indo-Malayan centre of maximum marine biodiversity: the Coral Triangle.
In S. () Origins and diversification of Indo-West Pacific marine fauna: evolutionary history and. from the East Indies was responsible for the longitudinal peak, and that the East Indies had played the major role in assembling communities throughout the Indian and Paciﬁc oceans.
The conclusion of Mora et al. () supported an earlier suggestion (Briggs, ) that the East Indies Triangle represented a centre of evolutionary origin. This book brings together key studies from the deep sea and open ocean, to tropical shores and polar regions to consider how comparable the patterns and processes underlying diversity are in these different ecosystems.
Marine Biodiversity will be a major resource for all those interested in biodiversity. Much of the argument about the existence or nonexistence of centres of origin has been focused on the marine East Indies. During the past 10 years, considerable new information has become available.
The East India Company (EIC) was an English and later British joint-stock company founded in It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region, initially with the East Indies (the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia), and later with Qing company ended up seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent, colonised parts of Southeast Asia and Hong Kong after the First.
A founder of comparative anatomy and a giant of nineteenth-century biology, Georges Cuvier, and his student and colleague Achille Valenciennes, brought together all that was known about fishes in their massive volume Histoire naturelle des poissons published from to Despite the passage of time, this work represents a landmark in the history of science.
This book brings together key studies from the deep sea and open ocean, to tropical shores and polar regions to consider how comparable the patterns and processes underlying diversity are in these different ecosystems.
Marine Biodiversity will be a major resource for all those interested in biodiversity and its conservation. Contents.
Army History Magazine The Professional Bulletin of Army History. Guidance: Instructions for Inactivating or Reflagging Units. Research by Conflict and Time Period. CMH Answers Notice. The Revolutionary War Soldier image on the left is a detail from the painting, Battle of Long Island, by Domenick D'Andrea, part of the National Guard Heritage.
of o results for Books: History: Americas: Caribbean & West Indies The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism His research interest evolved from fish life history and systematics in the early days to historic and contemporary distributions and biodiversity of living things on land and sea.
He remained active in research until his final days still publishing papers in and working on three more in Today IIED’s biodiversity work ranges from agricultural biodiversity to apes, from climate change to conservation, and from market mechanisms to mainstreaming. It includes issues critical to the Convention on Biological diversity, such as access and benefit sharing, social assessment of protected areas, and ecosystem-based adaptation.
While the work may depict over fish and crustacean species from the East Indies, Renard published the work without ever leaving the Netherlands.
Instead, he copied drawings by other artists to create the plates, representing hand-colored copper engravings, for his publication. It is battles such as these and the fear of being relegated to history books that prompted the community to open an East Indian Museum on May 26 in Manori, Mumbai.
Continuous Article Publishing. As ofMarine Biodiversity will change its publication structure from paginated issues to a consecutive publishing model: Continuous Article Publishing.
This means that papers are published in a volume/issue immediately after acceptance. As a further aspect of the new system, articles are no longer paginated sequentially by issue. Marine patterns, Part I -- Latitudinal zones -- Indo-West Pacific region -- The East Indies: a center of origin.
-- Modes of speciation -- Indo-West Pacific subdivisions -- Eastern Pacific region -- Western Atlantic region -- Eastern Atlantic region -- Relationships of the tropical shelf regions -- Latitudinal barriers -- Summary -- Chapter This paper provides an analysis of the distribution patterns of marine biodiversity and summarizes the major activities of the Census of Marine Life program in the Caribbean region.
The coastal Caribbean region is a large marine ecosystem (LME) characterized by coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrasses, but including other environments, such as sandy beaches and rocky shores. We at the Centre for Marine Biodiversity believe that the marine ecosystem is a priceless asset of the biosphere.
We believe that marine life is as essential as terrestrial life in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem. Biodiversity is a delicate balance of ecosystems, and thus, damage to habitats or its total loss is a loss for mankind as well.
The Biodiversity Research Programme conducts fundamental and applied research on wetlands (mangroves and seagrasses), coral reefs, benthic communities (communities living on, and within the seabed), invasive/alien marine species, taxonomy and marine protected areas.
The Centre for Marine Biodiversity is the fruit of the passionate and knowledgeable minds of Todd Gavin and Brian Howie. As the Centre aims to fulfil its mantra, the centre embarked on an innovative plan, aggressively using the latest sound research on biodiversity, marine science, and intergovernmental laws involving marine biodiversity, among others.
While his book purports to depict marine life of the East Indies, the scientific accuracy of most of its illustrations is debatable; the book becomes gradually more surreal as the reader progresses, and even features a mermaid in its final pages.
As the Biodiversity Heritage Library notes, "all of the species depicted received some level of. Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is the southeastern region of Asia, consisting of the regions that are geographically south of China, east of the Indian subcontinent and north-west of Australia.
Southeast Asia is bordered to the north by East Asia, to the west by South Asia and the Bay of Bengal, to the east by Oceania and the Pacific Ocean, and to the south by Australia and the Indian Ocean. This region is the centre of global marine biodiversity, and the exploitation and trade of its marine resources has at least partly been documented by its former colonial regimes.
Especially for the former Dutch East Indies, but also for what today is Papua New Guinea, a wealth of historical material has been collected in Dutch and German. Europeans first exerted colonial influence in Melanesia inwhen the Dutch announced sovereignty over New Guinea in an effort to keep other countries from encroaching on the eastern end of the profitable Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia).
Over the next several centuries Britain, the Netherlands, Australia, Germany, and Japan each established colonial claims to various parts of Melanesia. THE ELOPOID AND CLUPEOID FISHES OF EAST AFRICAN COASTAL WATERS by G. LOSSE (East African Marine Fisheries Research Organization, Zanzibar*) INTRODUCTION Fishery statistics show that the herring-like fishes are among the most important in world fisheries of the present day (FAO, ).
In East African waters, prior to. Early life. Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles was born on 5 July on board the ship Ann off the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica, to Captain Benjamin Raffles (, London – 23 NovemberDeptford) and Anne Raffles (née Lyde) ( – 8 FebruaryLondon). His father was a Yorkshireman  who had a burgeoning family.
When Benjamin retired from the West Indies trade in. The complexity of trade networks is a major challenge to controlling wildlife trafficking and illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing.
These networks may not be modern inventions, but have developed over centuries, from integrated global markets that preceded modern regulatory policies. To understand these linkages, we curated years of tortoiseshell transactions and derived. Marine Life and Natural History of the Coral Triangle.
likes. This page is designed to provide you with information, updates, links, and discussions about marine life and natural history of the. Download free illustration of Colourful and surreal illustrations of fishes found in Moluccas (Indonesia) and the East Indies by Louis Renard ( - Saved by rawpixel.
Sea Drawing History Encyclopedia Fish Illustration Botanical Illustration Sea Art Fish Print Vintage Fishing Botanical Drawings Free Illustrations.- Explore Ayanonymous's board "Natural History - Marine Biology | Aquatic Life", followed by people on Pinterest.
See more ideas about natural history, marine biology, history pins.The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community. Amphibians Animals Electronic books Insects Marine invertebrates Metamorphosis Metamorphosis, Biological Amphibians East Indies Geographical distribution Reptiles Zoogeography.